By Airways: The nearest airport is Biju Patnaik at Bhubaneshwar (60 km), the state capital.
By Railways: Puri is also linked to other cities in Orissa and the country by rail. Puri is linked by rail to other cities in Orissa and the country including Bhubaneshwar and Calcutta.
By Roadways: Puri is connected with Bhubaneshwar, Konark, Berhampur, Taptapani, Sambalpur and Kolkata by road. Government State Transport and Orissa Road Corporation buses connect Puri with Bhubaneshwar, Calcutta, Chilika, Konark, Madras, Sambalpur, and Visakhapatnam.
By Other Means: The cycle rickshaw is the most popular mode of travel within Puri. Bicycles are also easily available for hire and are recommended for touring the temple and beaches.
Puri, situated in the eastern part of the state of Orissa, is one of the four holy dhams of Hinduism and the hallowed seat of Lord Jagannath. Washed by the waters of the Bay of Bengal and embraced by causarina-fringed beaches, it is located at a distance of 60 km from the state capital Bhubaneshwar. It is a famous beach on the eastern coastline of peninsular India. The famous Rath Yatra or the Car Festival is held every year as a part of the festival of the great Jagannath temple.
Puri was once part of the kingdom of Kalinga, formed by Emperor Ashoka of the Mauryan Empire in 260 BC. The Sabaras, a tribe belonging to pre-Aryan and pre-Dravidian Austric linguistic group, inhabited the region. The region came under British rule in 1803. The Raja of Khurda rebelled in 1804, and there was a peasant uprising in 1817-18. The Orissa famine of 1866 claimed many lives in Puri.